Lemuria– a submerged land that is known to be the cradle of human civilization. There are a lot of questions and theories about Lemuria and its people. This article is just to put forward the facts and findings and evidence that shows that the people of Lemuria were Tamils.
Why the name ‘Lemuria’?
In 1864, Philip Sclater, zoologist, and bio geographer discovered fossils of lemurs in India. Lemurs were an ancient monkey species, existing earlier than gorilla and chimpanzee species. They are species endemic to Madagascar. According to Darwin’s theory, if a species is found to exist at two different parts of the world, they should’ve existed together at earlier times. Due to earthquakes and other disasters, the land where they lived should have been destroyed and so they must have migrated to different places. Considering this, Sclater proposed that a landmass existed connecting India, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, and extending from Africa to Australia. He named it Lemuria.
There is a lot of literary evidence about Kumari Kandam in the ancient Tamil scripts. Though most of these had been lost and destroyed, a few remain and they have mentions of this ancient land. A poem from the oldest existing epic ‘Silappadhigaram’,
‘பஃறுளி ஆற்றுடன் பன்மலை அடுக்கத்து
குமரிக்கோடும் கொடுங்கடல் கொள்ள
This poem mentions that ‘ since the southern regions consisting of River Fahruli and many mountains like Kumarikkodu had been submerged in the sea, you’ve conquered the northern Himalayas and Ganges, great Pandya! Long live thee!‘
This mentions that the Kumari Kandam had many mountains namely Kumarikkodu and river Fahruli. Another poem of the Silappadhigaram mentions the submerging of the Pandya capital Kabadapuram, which was a part of Kumari Kandam. From this, it is evident that Kumari Kandam was ruled by the Tamil kings namely the Pandyas. The submerging of Lemuria is also mentioned in ‘Radhavali’ Buddhist literature. Evidence of Kapadapuram are also found in the Ramayana.
In 1941, K. Appadurai has written a book, Kumari Kandam alladhu kadal konda thennadu (குமரி கண்டம் அல்லது கடல் கொண்ட தென்னாடு) wherein he mentions the findings of his research. Taking into accounts the literature, there were 49 countries including 7 thenga naadu (ஏழ் தெங்கநாடு), 7 Madurai naadu ( ஏழ் மதுரைநாடு), 7 munpaalai naadu (ஏழ் முன்பாலைநாடு), 7 pinpaalai naadu (ஏழ் பின்பாலைநாடு), 7 kundra naadu (ஏழ் குன்ற நாடு), 7 kunakarai naadu (ஏழ் குணகரைநாடு), 7 kurum panai naadu (ஏழ் குறும்பனைநாடு).
Also, the word kodu (கோடு) means mountain and Kumarikkodu was a mountain region. One can still see names like விளவங்கோடு (Vilavankodu), அதன்கோடு (Adhankodu) in regions of Kanyakumari. These are considered as remains of Kumari Kandam.
From all these literary evidence we can see that the language used was Tamil. Aborigines of Australia and African tribes, still use Tamil words in their language. Also, genetic research shows striking similarities between people of these regions. Flora and fauna of these regions are also found to be similar. The results show that these lands were once part of the same region, supporting the theory of Lemuria. According to the plate tectonic movement, which is scientifically accepted, all the continents were once we’re on the same tectonic plate. Such theories are valid proof of the existence of a landmass like Lemuria.
Present research evidence
Prof. Lewis Ashwal of WITS University, South Africa researched coastal areas of Mauritius and found stones that are about 3 crore years old. The findings show that these were parts of a landmass that were earlier on the Indian Ocean and that the landmass submerged due to a tectonic movement 20000 years ago. Research in 1970 also says that there had been 3 huge tsunamis in the ancient period about 15000 years ago, 12000 years ago and 8000 years ago respectively.
The average depth of the Indian Ocean is 4 kilometers. But in some places, it is only about 2 kilometers. For about 300 km of surroundings from Kanyakumari, the sea is no deeper than 0.6 kilometers, which proves that a landmass had existed earlier.
Graham Hancock, British journalist has researched on Tamil Nadu coastal areas and had said that the civilization of Poompuhar was about 11,000 years old. He adds that it is surprising that no steps are taken for archaeological research and that the land is left unconsidered.
All these theories can only be proven or disproved only if research is done in these areas. Being a developing country, India may not be able to fund such projects. But in the future, research must be done to bring out many hidden truths which can change the history that we’re presently believing in. It’s our responsibility to share the word to future generations.
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