Ever Heard of BADESHI, MIRIWOONG ?
But you would have heard of HEBREW. Right?
Yes. You are correct. They aren’t any food names.
They are languages.
The above-mentioned names are all dead languages.
But what is a dead language?
Dead languages are with no native speakers but they may be used in some other ways. Still, there is some confusion between dead and extinct languages. They are different from each other as extinct languages are with no living person to speak.
Language like SUMERIAN is an extinct one which was used in ancient times.
Wondering about how many languages have dead?
As per sources from the various experts, it has been said that more than a thousand languages could be dead.
But what’s the reason for this?
There are a lot of factors for a language’s death and a lot of types.
Bottom to top language death is that the language is used only in a certain situation and not in normal circumstances. Latin is one such example.
Top to bottom language death is that the eradication begins from a higher level such as form the government.
Gradual language death is the most common way where the minority language gets eradicated over the dominant language. CORNISH is an example of this dead language due to the growing influence of English and the dominant idea over the CORNISH was the reason for this.
Sudden language death is a type where the native speakers happened to be died due to natural disasters. This situation had happened in Tasmania were the native inhabitants have died in the black war by Europeans.
Radical language death follows after sudden language death due to some political threats. LENCA and CACAOPERA were the languages that had suddenly died.
What are some dead languages?
COPTIC an Afro Asiatic language that has been used by the Egyptian was considered to be dead and is now used for religious purposes.
Old SLAVONIC is one such example that is now used for religious purposes that comes under the bottom to top language death type.
LATIN the most known death language that is now taught in school has converted into vulgar Latin and then to romance languages like Spanish, French, Portuguese, and Romanian. But still, some quotes are there like
“LATIN is a dead language, but LATIN never died”.
MANDAN language was a Siouan language from America that was spoken in the North Dakota state. The native habitat of this state had died due to smallpox which led to the death of this language. Edwin Benson was the last speaker of this language has died in 2016.
AJAWA language the language of Nigeria had wiped out due to the native speaker’s shifts towards Hausa for the economical issues and these languages have not passed to the next generation.
The above-mentioned BADESHI language spoken in the northern valley of Pakistan due to culture variations has only three speakers right now.
MIRIWOONG the Australian language where people hardly speak is now on the verge of extinction.
What can we do to uplift them?
Language not only helps out to communicate but also helps us to witness us the various culture. If a language dies it means the whole community and its identity dies. So it’s our moral responsibility to take care of our language and to take over it to the next generation.
“Limit of one’s language means the limit of one’s world”.